What is Pediatric Cancer?

Your safety is our priority

Because the health and safety of our patients, visitors and staff is a priority, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta is:

  • Screening all patients and visitors for illness including a temperature check. No sick visitors will be allowed in our facilities.
  • Allowing two caregivers with each patient. No other family or visitors are allowed.
  • Requiring everyone to wear a mask at all times during their visit.
  • Practicing social distancing by staying 6 feet away from other patients and visitors.
  • Enhancing cleaning measures.

Pediatric or childhood cancer happens when cells that are not normal grow and spread very fast in a certain part of a child’s body. Normal cells grow, divide and then die. Cancer cells do not stop growing and dividing. Instead of dying, cancer cells can come together to form a tumor, such as:

Not all tumors are cancerous and not all childhood cancers form tumors. Some cancers involve the blood and the organs that make blood in the body. These include:

Childhood Cancer Programs and Services

Because the Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center is so large, we are able to offer programs with teams of providers dedicated to each of the major types of childhood cancer. This degree of specialization means that every child with cancer is cared for by a team that is focused solely on his disease.

Our childhood cancer programs include:

Treatment Options for Children with Cancer

We offer a full range of treatment options for kids and young adults with cancer. Treatment for pediatric cancer depends on the type of cancer. We will create a treatment plan just for your child, as approaches to treatment can vary. Our team works closely with each family to determine the best course of action. Treatment options may include:

  • Chemotherapy (chemo): A group of medicines that kill or damage cancer cells
  • Radiation therapy: The use of high-energy rays to kill or damage cancer cells
  • Surgery: A procedure to remove as many of the cancerous cells as possible
  • Blood and marrow transplant (BMT): A procedure that helps rescue blood stem cells after chemotherapy
  • MIBG therapy (for neuroblastoma): One of the most effective treatments for children with relapsed neuroblastoma; we are one of the only centers in the Southeast offering this treatment
  • Rotationplasty (for bone tumors): Removal of a portion of a limb, while the remaining portion of the limb is rotated and reattached (typically, the child’s ankle joint becomes his knee joint)
  • Developmental therapeutics: Promising new cancer treatments for children who have relapsed or who have difficult-to-treat cancers

Second opinion services

We understand you want to be certain your child is receiving the best possible pediatric cancer treatment available anywhere in the world. Second opinions can help provide the information you need to make an informed decision about your child’s treatment.

Innovative cancer research

The Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center is committed to excellence and innovation in pediatric cancer and blood disorders research. We are home to one of the largest clinical trial programs in the country—offering our patients access to some of the most novel childhood cancer and blood disorder treatment options available.

Finding Support

Camps, events and support groups

Camps, retreats and other events offer many therapeutic benefits for kids and families who are dealing with serious illness.

Family support services

Patients and their families battling pediatric cancer have basic and extraordinary mental, physical, emotional and spiritual needs, and Children's has many support services available to meet them.

Transitional housing

Many families travel great distances to receive care at the Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. To meet the needs of these families, we offer transitional or temporary housing options that have been carefully chosen for safety, cleanliness, amenities and proximity.


Learn how you can help make a difference in the life of a child battling cancer or a blood disorder.


Egleston hospital

1405 Clifton Road NE

Atlanta, GA 30322

Hughes Spalding hospital

35 Jesse Hill Jr. Drive SE

Atlanta, GA 30303

Scottish Rite hospital

1001 Johnson Ferry Road NE

Atlanta, GA 30342-1605

Children's Medical Office Building at Scottish Rite hospital

5461 Meridian Mark Road NE

Atlanta, GA 30342-1654

Day Hospital at Scottish Rite hospital

1001 Johnson Ferry Road NE Atlanta, GA 30342

Atlanta, GA 30329