What We Treat

What are germ cell tumors?

Germ cells are cells in a fetus (unborn baby) that eventually make sperm in boys and eggs in girls. Germ cell tumors happen when germ cells cluster together abnormally. These tumors usually develop inside the gonads (ovaries for girls and testes for boys). They may be cancerous or non-cancerous. The cause of most germ cell tumors is not very well known.

Types of germ cell tumors:

  • Ovarian cancer
  • Testicular cancer
  • Germinomas
  • Yolk sac
  • Embryonal carcinoma
  • Choriocarcinoma

Services We Offer

A full range of treatment options

We offer a full range of treatment options for children with germ cell tumors. We’ll create a treatment plan just for your child, as treatment approaches vary from child to child. Our team works closely with each family to determine the best course of action.

Treatment options include:

  • Chemotherapy: The use of certain medicines to treat cancer.
  • Surgery: To remove as many of the cancerous cells as possible.
  • Radiation therapy: High-energy rays which are used to kill or damage cancer cells.

Your child may undergo any one of these treatments or a combination of them.

Innovative research

Our team is committed to advancing research and medicine by developing new techniques, treatment and cures for children and young adults with solid tumors. We are home to one of the largest clinical trial programs in the country—offering our patients access to some of the most novel treatment options in the country.

Learn more about our research efforts

Our Unique Approach

    We are home to one of the leading childhood cancer programs in the country. Combining the latest proven technology and research with a caring, child-friendly approach, makes the Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center a top choice for the treatment of germ cell tumors.

    Our highlights

    • U.S. News & World Report ranks us among the top 10 pediatric cancer programs in the country.
    • Our program is led by Thomas Olson, M.D., an internationally recognized expert in pediatric germ cell tumors.
    • We offer some of the most promising new cancer treatments for children who have relapsed or have difficult to treat cancers through our developmental therapeutics program.
    • We are members of the Malignant Germ Cell Tumors International Collaborative (MaGIC).

    Helpful Resources

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    Before your visit

    Learn how to prepare for your visit to the Aflac Cancer Center, including information about our transitional housing options for families traveling from outside of metro Atlanta.

    Get information and tips

    Camps, events and support groups

    Camps, retreats and other events offer many therapeutic benefits for children and families who are dealing with serious illness.

    Camps, events and support groups

    Second opinions and international services

    We understand you want to be certain your child is receiving the best possible treatment available. Second opinions can help provide the information you need to make an informed decision about the best treatment for your child. For families traveling outside the U.S., we are here to help meet your unique needs and challenges.

    Learn more about our second opinion services

    Learn more about our international services


    Learn how you can help make a difference in the life of a child battling cancer or blood disorders.

    Join the fight against childhood cancer and blood disorders

    Learn more about how Aflac supports us