When should I call a doctor?
If you suspect your child has a concussion, talk to your child's doctor. All head injuries should be taken seriously. In case of an urgent concern or emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency department right away.
What is a concussion?
A concussion is an injury to the brain. It can be caused by a blow or bump to or around the head. This causes the brain to move inside the skull which can change how the brain works or processes information.
It is important to remember:
- A concussion usually does not result in loss of consciousness. Only about 10 percent of concussions involve a loss of consciousness.
- Headache is the most common symptom, but you do not have to have a headache to have a concussion.
- Since a concussion does not involve a structural injury to the brain, imaging such as a CT scan or MRI will look normal.
- Healing occurs over time and not right away.
How to identify a concussion
Your child's doctor will help determine if he has a concussion. Evaluations for suspected concussions may include:
- Complete medical history and physical examination performed by a doctor
- Review of post-concussion ImPACT evaluation scores