What is Hematology?

Hematology is the study of blood and blood-related diseases. At the Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center of Children’s, we treat several different types of pediatric blood disorders and conditions. Some of these conditions include:

Bleeding and clotting disorders

Red blood cell disorders

  • Alpha thalassemia
  • Anemia
  • Beta thalassemia
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Megaloblastic anemia
  • Polycythemia
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Thalassemia

White blood cell disorders

  • Neutropenia

Platelet disorders

  • Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)

Bone marrow failure syndromes

Our Hematology Programs

We are the largest pediatric hematology program in the country, including the largest pediatric sickle cell disease program. Our size and expertise allow us to offer comprehensive programs with teams of providers dedicated to each of the major types of childhood blood disorders. This degree of specialization means that every child is cared for by a team that is focused solely on his or her specific childhood blood disorder.

Our pediatric blood disorder programs include:

Combining the latest proven technology and research with a caring, child-friendly approach makes the Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center a top choice for the treatment of both common and rare blood disorders.

Second opinion services

We understand that you want to be confident that your child is receiving the best treatment available anywhere in the country. Second opinions can help provide the information you need to make decisions about your child’s treatment.

How Do We Treat Blood Disorders in Children?

We offer a full range of treatment options for children and young adults who have been diagnosed with a pediatric blood disorder. We will design a specialized treatment plan just for your child, as treatment methods can vary depending on each unique diagnosis. Our team works closely with each family to determine the best course of action. Treatment options may include:

  • Medicine: This may include growth factors to help blood cell production, drugs that inhibit blood clot formation, pain medications or other drugs.
  • Blood transfusion: Common blood transfusions—the process through which a person receives donated blood—include red blood cell, plasma and platelet transfusions.
  • Blood and marrow transplant: A blood and marrow transplant, also called a bone marrow transplant or BMT, is the only cure for children with sickle cell disease.
  • Developmental therapeutics: We offer some of the most promising new treatments for children with blood disorders.

Innovative research

The Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center is committed to excellence and innovation in pediatric blood disorders research. We are home to one of the largest clinical trial programs in the country, offering our patients access to some of the most novel treatment options nationwide.


Camps, events and support groups

Camps, retreats and other events offer many therapeutic benefits for kids and families who are dealing with serious illness.

Family support services

Patients and their families dealing with pediatric cancer have basic and extraordinary mental, physical, emotional and spiritual needs, and Children's has many support services available to meet them.

Transitional housing

Many families travel great distances to receive care at the Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. To meet the needs of these families, we offer transitional or temporary housing options that have been carefully chosen for safety, cleanliness, amenities and proximity.


Learn how you can help make a difference in the life of a child being treated for cancer or a blood disorder.