What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic disorder that causes inflammation in the small and large intestines. It is one of the most common chronic diseases among children and teenagers. It affects an estimated 4 in 1,000 children. Two of the most common types of IBD include:
Crohn’s disease: a recurring inflammatory disease of the GI tract. Symptoms include pain in the abdomen, bloating, diarrhea and fever. Patients often notice these symptoms between the ages of 15 and 25.
Ulcerative colitis: an inflammatory disease of the GI tract that’s characterized by the ulcers that form on the innermost lining of the colon. Symptoms include diarrhea, blood or mucus in stool, fatigue, loss of appetite and weight loss. Patients may also experience fever or anemia.
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are so similar that they are collectively referred to as IBD.