Lacrosse injury patterns

Overuse injuries

In lacrosse, as in other sports involving running, cutting and sudden change of directions, overuse injuries are more commonly see in the lower extremities. One area that is susceptible to overuse in young athletes are the growth plates, or apophyses:

  •  Sinding-Larson-Johansson Syndrome affects children between the ages of 7 and 13. Repetitive running or jumping irritates the bottom tip of the kneecap. Any activity involving running, jumping or landing can irritate the apophysis and cause pain and sometimes swelling.
  •  Osgood-Schlatter disease can occur when there is an injury to the top of the shin bone, just below the kneecap. It is characterized by a painful lump just below the kneecap.
  • Sever’s disease is a traction injury involving the heel bone that is caused by repetitive running and jumping.

Treatment of injuries

Treatment for these injuries includes prompt removal from activities and application of ice directly to the affected area. Elevate the area and apply a compression wrap. If there is significant swelling, limitation of joint motion or point tenderness directly over a bone, see a doctor.

When treating lacrosse injuries, remember PRICEMM:

P‐Protection or removal from the game to avoid worsening the injury
R‐Rest from activities that aggravate the pain
I‐Ice in the form of ice cup massage for 10 to 15 minutes every hour
C‐Compression
E‐Elevation
M‐Medication such as Motrin, Advil or Aleve
M‐Modalities from a trainer or physical therapist, including ultrasound and electrical muscle stimulation

‐Protection or removal from the game to avoid worsening the injury‐Rest from activities that aggravate the pain‐Ice in the form of ice cup massage for 10 to 15 minutes every hour‐Compression‐Elevation‐Medication such as Motrin, Advil or Aleve‐Modalities from a trainer or physical therapist, including ultrasound and electrical muscle stimulation

Prevention of injuries

Each year before engaging in lacrosse, the young player should:

  • See a doctor annually for a physical exam
  • Stretch frequently after workouts, especially during growth spurts
  • Make sure protective equipment is in good repair and fits correctly
  • Maintain adequate hydration during all seasons
  • Tell a coach or parent if he feels pain or suffers an injury